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Discovery of the island by Christopher Columbus in November 1493

On St Martin’s Day, November 11th  1493, Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus, on his second journey into Antillean waters, landed on the island, naming it “Saint Martin” and marking a new discovery for the Western world.
In the heyday of 16th-century corsairs and buccaneers, the Spanish, French, Dutch, Portuguese, English and Flemish coveted the island for its protected waters and salt deposits, earning it the name of Soualiga, Land of Salt.
It was over the course of the sixteenth century that the remaining American Indian populations on the island were enslaved and deported to neighbouring islands. Now too small for the conquistadors, the Spanish started to lose interest in the island and began to desert it.

17th Century: March 23rd 1648, signing of the Partition Treaty

st martin island concordia

The Dutch began to settle on Saint Martin between 1627 and 1631 with the intention of exploiting the island’s natural salt deposits, which it required for its North American operations. The Dutch erected a fort, which provoked a spirited attack from the Spanish. The island fell under Spanish military control in 1638. The Spanish deserted Saint Martin for good in 1648, considering it to be too small (88km²) and of limited interest.
On March 23rd of the same year, the French and the Dutch settled the matter of the ownership of the island when they signed the Treaty of Concordia, named after the mountain (Mount Concordia) on which the agreement was signed. France and the Netherlands would divide the island into two parts, France occupying the northern section (54km²) and the Dutch the southern section (34km²). The Treaty recognised both the dual nationality and the unity of the island: there would be no physical border between the two nations and people and goods would move freely between the two zones. And so, Saint Martin became known as the “Friendly Island”, a name that it keeps to this day.
All of the provisions of the 1648 treaty are still enforced today.

Treaty of Concordia




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Un circuit Thailande est l occasion de decouvrir ce pays en quelques jours. Par ou commencer. La question ne se pose plus, il faut mettre cap a Bangkok, la capitale. Un excellent point de depart pour debuter l aventure.
Faisant partie des destinations les plus romantiques au monde, Lisbonne est l'endroit ideal pour celebrer un anniversaire de mariage . En plus de son incroyable metissage architectural, la ville aux sept collines reste un veritable sanctuaire pour les marchands ambulants et les chanteurs de rue.

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